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Projects

WHO and EHIA/HIA collaborative projects and selected international projects

2015

Year RegionWHO Collaborative Description
2015Pacific IslandsStaff from the centre contributed to the development and publication of the WHO report: "Human health and climate change in Pacific Island countries" [PDF 3MB]. Published by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific.
2015 LocalDevelopment and publication of guidelines in line with the Centre’s Terms of Reference on EHIA and Climate Change: “Climate Change, Vulnerability and Health: A Guide to Assessing and Addressing the Health Impacts”. Download project information.pdf
2015 ChinaWHO seminar on “Climate change, Health and the Environment”, co-hosted by the WHO China Office and the Australian Embassy in China.
Staff from the Centre delivered a presentation on the Centre’s research on climate change, health and the environment with a focus on the recently published Climate Change, Vulnerability and Health Guidelines.

2015 ChinaAustralia-China Centre for Air Quality Science and Management
Three staff from the Centre attended the Executive Committee Meeting where the research program and key research themes of the Australia-China Centre were discussed and potential future collaborations were considered.
2015 Laos,
Morocco and
Paraguay
WHO Consultant to the Governments of Laos, Morocco and Paraguay.
Educational service.
2015 KoreaThe First Regional Training on Health, Environment and Development. World Health Organization - Regional Office for the Western Pacific.
Staff from the centre delivered talks on Understanding the principle of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) with a case study applying HIA to Climate Change, and an Introduction to the Health Impact Assessment Guideline for Health and Climate Change.
2015 KoreaSixth annual Climate Change and Health Conference hosted by the Climate Change and Health Forum - a nongovernmental organisation of the experts on climate change and health in Korea.
Staff from the centre spoke at the plenary session, on health in the urban environment and climate change.

2014

Year RegionWHO Collaborative Description
2014 MalaysiaDevelopment and publication of a Health Impact Assessment within Environmental Health Assessment guide: “A Guide for the Evaluation of Health Impact Assessments carried out within the EIA process”. Download project information.pdf [820KB]
2014 Korea International HIA Workshop and Thematic Working Group on HIA/WHO: Sponsored by WHO
Speakers from the Centre delivered presentations on climate change research and the future directions of HIA in the region, and participated in Thematic Working Group (TWG) discussions regarding the 2014-2016 work-plan.
2014 Thailand Extraordinary Meeting of High-Level Officials of the Regional Forum on Environment and Health in Southeast and East Asian Countries
Participation in the principle meeting and contributions to side meetings with other members of the TWG on HIA 2014 to discuss the 2014-2016 work-plan
2014 Philippines The First Regional Forum of WHO Collaborating Centres in the Western Pacific

Poster presentation of the Centre’s work and participation in numerous parallel sessions including open guided discussions on WHO CCs, feedback regarding the collaborations and discussions around innovative opportunities for strengthening and enhancing partnerships.
2014 Local The Centre hosted Dr Yanyong Uraiwan Pakpoom, a member of the TWG of HIA from Thailand

Discussions regarding the need for integration of diverse perspectives of HIA with scientific and local evidence in HIA case studies and general HIA training
courses and guidelines.

2010 - 2013

Year RegionWHO Collaborative Description
2010 - 2012Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and NauruWHO Consultant to governments of the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Nauru
The purpose of this project was to define and describe the health impacts of climate change that pertain to the three countries.

Through a staged process over the period of time the potential health risks were identified and the level of risk estimated. A range of possible adaptation measures was developed in order that some of these climate change-attributable health risks may be prioritised and thus avoided.  In doing so, it is hoped that the health system in each of the three countries may be strengthened and the level of cross-sectoral cooperation improved, as climate change is truly an issue that ignores traditional boundaries of roles and responsibilities and immediate action is required to protect the health of these Pacific Island countries.
2011ChinaPresentation of plenary lectures on Safety Culture and Risk Management: Sponsored by China University of Geoscience, Beijing Municipal Government and the State Administration of Work Safety
Two Conferences were held in Beijing (September and November) on risk management at the workplace. Plenary lectures were given at each conference with a focus on the relationship between risk management and safety culture.
2011KoreaThematic Working Group on HIA/WHO: Sponsored by WHO
The TWG HIA meeting in was held in Korea and contributions were made to the TWG HIA meeting and a paper was presented at the combined HIA/air quality conference.
2010Mongolia

Consultant on legislation, processes and methods for HIA within the EIA process in Mongolia: Sponsored by MOH
The purpose of this project was to provide technical advice for integration of health impact assessment into the environmental impact assessment and assist in the development of guidelines and manuals on HIA and conduct 3-5 day training on HIA for health, environment, inspection and other sector staff;

The main findings from the mission were that a) the timing is opportune for the MOH to put forward recommendation for changes to the Law on EIA and the associated procedures for the stronger inclusion of HIA in the approvals process: b) there is currently in Mongolia a great deal of interest and enthusiasm for the stronger inclusion of HIA in the approvals process for industrial developments; c) it is very likely that the multinational companies currently developing projects in Mongolia will be carrying out HIA in some form as this is now considered world’s best practice. Mongolia will need to develop its own guidelines for HIA.

2005 - 2009

Year RegionWHO Collaborative Description
2009China

Consultant to Fudan University Shanghai on Environmental Health Risk Assessment: Sponsored by WHO


The WHO together with the CDC China proposed the development of a short course on Health Risk Assessment.

2009Solomon Islands

Introduction to HIA in the Solomon Islands: Sponsored by MOH
The aims of the project were to present papers on key issues (e.g. policy and legislation) discussed at the workshop and facilitate discussion sessions and to conduct training sessions for key health professionals and stakeholders in HIA concepts, processes, assessment tools, standards and monitoring and pollution assessment.


2009Western Pacific region/ Malaysia

Advisor on Water Quality Sanitation and Hygiene policy in the region: Sponsored by WHO
Jeff Spickett was invited to attend the meeting as an advisor and then to develop a Guide to the Functions of Health Authorities in the Control and Prevention of Water Related Diseases. The WHO subsequently published the document.

2009Malaysia

Consultant on development of a National Environmental Health Action Plan: Sponsored by MOH, WHO
The main aim of the project was to review and study international best practices in the preparation and implementation of National Environmental Health Action Plan (NEHAP) and to develop the best suitable approach for Malaysia.

Jeff Spickett met with senior staff from the MOH to discuss and review issues associated with the development of the National Environmental Health Policy and Strategies and the current structure of environmental health management in Malaysia. He gained an appreciation of the factors influencing these developments so as to prepare draft documents for discussion at the National Workshop. Assistance was provided on the design, content and implementation of the consultative meeting that was held to provide input to the policy framework and plans from the range of stakeholders. Further revisions the documents taking account of comments made by stakeholders during and after the discussions with stakeholders. A final draft of the NEHAP was prepared.

2009China

Invited visiting Professor China University of Geosciences – Lecture series on Risk Management in Work Safety and Health
Presentations of Risk Management

2008: OctCambodia

Development of the National Environmental Health Policy: Sponsored by MOH

Senior Staff from a range of government departments met to discuss and review issues associated with the development of the National Environmental Health Policy and the current structure of environmental health management. Assistance was provided on the design and content of the consultative meeting that was held to provide input to the Policy and Action Plan from a range of stakeholders. After the meeting the writer made further revisions the Policy and Action Plan taking account of comments made by stakeholders during the meeting.

2008: AugLaos

Development of the National Environmental Health Policy and Action Plan: Sponsored by MOH

Senior Staff from a range of government departments met to discuss and review issues associated with the development of the National Policy and Action Plan for Environmental Health and the current structure of environmental health management. Assistance was provided on the design and content of the consultative meeting which was held to provide input to the Policy and Action Plan from a range of stakeholders. After the meeting the writer made further revisions the Policy and Action Plan taking account of comments made by stakeholders during the meeting.

2008: AprilBrunei

World Health Day workshop / MOH

An event to to recognize World Health Day was organized by the Ministry of Health in Brunei.  MOH Staff and other agencies attended the event. 
Objectives were: 1) To develop and present a keynote lecture on protecting health from climate change. 2) To develop and deliver workshops on health impacts of climate change in Brunei and health impacts of climate change- risk assessment and adaptation.

2007: OctMongolia

Environmental Health Impact Assessment reviewing cyanide and mercury contamination in the Darkhaan-Uul amiag region of Mongolia: Sponsored by Ministry of Health / WHO
Environmental Health Impact Assessment consultation / Ministry of Health / WHO office reviewing cyanide and mercury contamination in the Darkhaan-Uul aimag region of Mongolia.

The purpose of the overall mission was to collaborate with the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the WHO Office in Mongolia with the following Terms of Reference.


  • To review the existing situation of cyanide and mercury contamination in Orkhom soum of Darkhan-Uul aimag, Mongolia an assess Government action from a health point of view.

  • To assist in making a preliminary health impact assessment for the affected areas and population.

  • To develop terms of reference for detailed health impact studies as indicated and profiles of technical experts that should be mobilised to support such studies.

  • To write a report at the end of the mission.

2007: MayChina

The Development of a National Environmental Health Action Plan and Related Activities in China: Sponsored by MOH / State Environmental Protection Administration / WHO

The purpose of the overall mission was to collaborate with the Ministry of Health (MOH), the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA) and other relevant authorities, and the WHO office in China:


  • to support the finalisation of a National Environmental Health Action Plan for China;

  • to coordinate with the national counterparts, relevant WHO staff and those of other partner agencies in the implementation of the planned activities including those on water and sanitation, indoor air quality, climate change, occupational health, chemical emergencies, etc.;

  • to update a work plan for WHO collaboration with China in environmental health (water, sanitation, waste management, health impact assessment, indoor and urban air quality management, occupational health, global environmental changes, etc) for 2007 and for 2008-2009, based on the work carried out and in line with the China Country Collaboration Strategy;

  • to participate in relevant meetings on health and environment (e.g. UN Theme Group on Energy and the Environment, etc.) in the country; and

  • to submit a mission report at the end of the assignment.

2005: DecThailand

High Level Meeting on Health and Environment in ASEAN and East Asian Countries

2005China

Influence of Hygienic Behaviour on Occupational nickel exposure in Indonesia: Sponsored by CDC / Occupational Health and Poison Control

2000 - 2004

Year RegionWHO Collaborative Description
2004Malaysia

Environmental Health Impact Assessment WHO / Ministry of Health / Ministry of Environment


This EHIA consultation was held in October 2004, in Malaysia, in conjunction with the WHO and the Malaysian Government.  Discussions were held with officials from the Ministry of Health, Department of Environment, other government agencies and university staff about EHIA, EIA and occupational risk assessment.  Following these discussions, a five day workshop was developed that focused on training needs in the area of EHIA. The workshop successfully developed a framework for EHIA training modules and made recommendations aimed at strengthening the role of EHIA in Malaysia. 

2004Phillipines / China / Mongolia

High Level Meeting on Health and Environment for 14 countries in the Region Consultant


The High-Level Meeting on Health and Environment in ASEAN and East Asian Countries was held in Manila from 24 to 26 November 2004 as a collaborative arrangement between he WHO, UNEP and ADB.

The objectives of the meeting were to:


  1. review and identify major and common environmental health issues and challenges facing ASEAN countries, China, Japan, Mongolia and the Republic of Korea; and

  2. delineate actions by countries and partner agencies that would strengthen the effective collaboration between the health and environment sectors for sound environmental health policies and interventions.

The proceeding or the meeting commenced with opening remarks from representatives of the Asia Development Bank, the United Nations Environment Programme and the World Health Organisation. In preparation for the meeting documents entitled Environmental Country Profiles (EHCP) and Environmental Health Data Sheets were prepared. These documents provided summaries of health and environments aspects of each of the 14 countries represented at the meeting. In the context of the first objective for the meeting WHO consultants presented brief summaries of the main environmental and health issues for each country represented at the meeting. After this session the group divided into three groups for discussion on the main environmental and health issues in the countries and to review the EHDS and EHCP documents, the value of updating the documents on a regular basis and suggest improvements. The results of the group discussions were presented at a plenary session.


In addressing the second objective for the meeting plenary sessions were held on five topics: air quality and health, water quality and health, hazardous chemicals/waste and health, poverty, conservation and health and climate change and health. Each topic was address by the presentation of papers by staff from the organising agencies followed by plenary discussion on each topic.


As a major theme for the meeting was better collaboration and cooperation between the health and environment sectors within and across countries represented a video conference took place to gain an appreciation of the background and the progress in Europe with the Ministerial Conferences on Environment and Health which have been held at regular intervals since 1987.


On the last day of the meeting attention focused on the development of recommendations to come forward from the meeting. After intensive group and plenary discussions the meeting made recommendations for implementation at country level and at the regional level.


The group work was conducted to identify possible mechanisms and innovative ideas to strengthen intersectoral collaboration between the health and environment sectors. The key focal points for the discussion were:


  • Strategies which can strengthen the health and environment sectors and possibly others in the development and implementation of policies.

  • Specific actions/interventions to promote strategies and policies to address priority issues at the country and regional levels.

  • Areas of collaboration to promote shared responsibilities between two ministries and with other relevant government agencies as well as other stakeholders.

The results of the group work were presented at a plenary session and it was agreed that the recommendations, which are presented below, would be placed before the appropriate group within the WHO, UNEP and ADB for their consideration as well as to relevant government agencies.

2003Vietnam

Environmental Health Impact Assessment Consultation - WHO, MOH, National Institute for Occupational and Environmental Health, Vietnam


The objectives of this consultation were to:


  • To conduct an overall assessment of potential environmental hazards and the risks to human health in Vietnam, and categorise or prioritise these hazards and identify possible mechanisms to mitigate and control the hazards;

  • To identify the institutional, universities, private sector and other government research bodies and institutes that have capacity to support health impact/risk assessment in Vietnam and initiate steps to improve local networks;

  • To evaluate the monitoring and surveillance of health and environmental data collection systems and provide suggestions and recommendations to improve the quality, utilization and analysis of the data for policy making decisions and program development for Vietnam;

  • To conduct training and development the capacity at national, provincial and local levels in assessing and managing the environmental hazards, research and methodology development, policy development and analysis etc; and,

  • To establish environmental health surveillance systems for monitoring and surveillance of relevant diseases or events for Vietnam and identify specific areas for the monitoring of clusters of environmental diseases in Vietnam.

Presentations of country reports by participants summarized the situation in each country with respect to health impacts of environmental hazards and relevant programmes and activities undertaken by each of the countries. A field trip to the Alam Flora Solid Waste Transfer Station in Kuala Lumpur was also undertaken. Participants conducted three group discussion sessions, identifying appropriate options for strengthening national capacity in assessment of health impacts of environmental hazards, delineating possible mechanisms for intersectoral collaboration in health impact assessment, and discussing issues associated with health impact assessment of global environmental changes.



2003Malaysia

Environmental Health Impact Assessment Workshop - WHO Western Pacific Regional Office


The Workshop on Assessment of Health Impacts of Environmental Hazards was conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 25 to 28 August 2003 by the World Health Organization (WHO) Western Pacific Regional Office.


The objectives of the workshop were to:


  1. review the capacity for, and implementation of, health impact assessment of environmental hazards in the Region;

  2. examine possible innovative approaches to strengthening national capacity in health impact assessment of environmental changes;

  3. identify possible mechanisms to strengthen collaboration between the health and other sectors (e.g. environment, transport and energy sectors) in assessment and management of health impacts of environmental changes; and

  4. discuss emerging global environmental changes that are expected to have direct or indirect impacts on health and identify areas where national capacity needs to be developed.

The workshop was attended by 18 participants from Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Fiji, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Viet Nam. There was an observer from Asian Development Bank and seven observers from Malaysia. Two Temporary Advisers, Professor J. Spickett, Director, Research and Graduate Studies, Division of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Western Australia, Australia and Dr M. Kabuto, Director, Environmental Risk Research Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan were recruited; and three WHO staff members served as the secretariat for the workshop.


The proceedings comprised presentations of country reports by participants, which summarized the situation in each country with respect to health impacts of environmental hazards and relevant programmes and activities undertaken by the countries. A field trip to Alam Flora Solid Waste Transfer Station in Kuala Lumpur was also undertaken. Participants conducted three group discussion sessions, identifying appropriate options for strengthening national capacity in assessment of health impacts of environmental hazards, delineating possible mechanisms for intersectoral collaboration in health impact assessment, and discussing issues associated with health impact assessment of global environmental changes.

2002Ulaanbataar, Mongolia

Environmental Health Impact Assessment Consultation - WHO / Ministry of Health, Mongolia


This project was divided into three stages where Stages One and Two provided collaborative activities with the MOH and other agencies at the national, city, district and subdistrict level. This consisted of a review and assessment of environmental and clinical analysis capabilities linking health data with results from environmental monitoring programs. This data provided the background for a report and subsequent workshop for Stage Three. This workshop was attended by 40 participants and included two field visits / case studies at a water treatment plant and an air monitoring station in Ulaanbataar to demonstrate the application of EHIA techniques in practice.

2001Manilla, Philippines

Strengthening National Capacity in Environmental Health - WHO Western Pacific Regional Office


This consultation was attended by 32 temporary advisers from Australia, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Hong Kong, Japan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Mongolia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Singapore, and Viet Nam. There were two representatives from the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) and the WHO Centre for Health Development in Kobe (WKC), and eleven WHO staff members serving as the secretariat.


The four main objectives of the consultation were to:


  1. review recent developments and experiences of Member States in the assessment and management of environmental health hazards;

  2. review recent global and regional initiatives and plans related to environmental health;

  3. identify priorities and gaps in relation to the assessment and management of environmental health impacts/risks; and

  4. identify priorities and gaps in relation to the assessment and management of environmental health impacts/risks; and

  5. recommend the future course of action by WHO and Member States for the next five years.

The working group produced recommendations for the future course of action by Member States and WHO/other partner agencies from the outcomes of the consultations.

2000Suva, Fiji

Environmental Health Impact Assessment Consultation and Workshop- WHO / Ministry of Health, Fiji


This project was divided into two phases. The first phase held in September was to provide an assessment of local and national government capacities for EHIA data collection, utilisation and dissemination. A workshop on EHIA techniques and methodologies was conducted and protocols were established for an assessment of priority environmental hazards and pollutants in the local Suva region. Questionnaires and a cross sectional survey was developed evaluating linkages between environmental monitoring data and health outcomes from environmental water contamination in selected villages, towns and settlements.


Phase Two consisted of a review of the analysis conducted in Phase One and the development of a report providing background for the initiation of an action plan to further improve the EHIA component in Fiji. This action plan included identifying capacities and resources needing development and improvement, and working towards the removal of barriers to implement EHIA in Fiji.

2000Malaysia

Environmental Health Impact Assessment Consultation and Workshop- WHO / Ministry of Health, Department of Energy


A collaborative review of drafted EHIA guidelines provided the input for recommendations toward improved EHIA adoption within Malaysia. A training module consistent with the local Malaysian context was developed, and a subsequent workshop with other agencies on EHIA was held in an effort to build EHIA procedures into the current EIA process. A field visit to a clinical waste incinerator enabled participants to see at first hand some of the considerations important for the EHIA of projects.

2000Madang, Papua New Guinea

Environmental Health Impact Assessment Workshop -WHO / Department of Health, Papua New Guinea


This workshop was attended by Department of Health officials and was designed to enhance the potential to increase the capacity of environmental health officers to implement EHIA processes and procedures. Draft guidelines for EHIA in PNG were discussed. A representative of the Department of Environment and Conservation was present affording views of the proposed revision to the Environment Act providing a more cohesive and unified approach to enable EHIA processes.


The following objectives were to:


  • facilitate the national workshop on Environmental Health Impact Assessment and provide technical support and training as part of capacity building;

  • complete the case studies on mining, logging, coffee and palm oil industries; and

  • prepare a report at the end of the assignment.

2000Papua New Guinea

Environmental Health Impact Assessment workshop -WHO / Department of Health, Papua New Guinea


A capacity building meeting was held in July with the Papua New Guinea DOH with the intention of furthering the facilitation of a workshop scheduled in September to assist the progress of EHIA processes and procedures with various officials of the Environmental Health government departments.


This workshop consisted of the following agendas:


  • advise on the development of guidelines for environmental health impact assessment (EHIA);

  • develop a Memorandum of understanding for the implementation of EHIA;

  • initiate the collection of data for the development of case studies in the areas of mining, logging, coffee and palm oil industries; and

  • prepare a report at the end of this part of the assignment.

The Office of Environment and Conservation was visited to discuss current and future developments regarding Environmental Impact Assessment of developments. A review of staff and resources needed to implement the proposed EHIA and associated activities was discussed and scrutinised. Subsequent discussions by DOH and OEC staff produced a draft MOU. The MOU provided information detailing requirements needed to enhance the potential for an effective implementation necessity to increase the understanding of personnel from relevant government departments of the processes and procedures for EHIA/EIA in PNG.


A workshop on EHIA was planned for late September and would include two field visits at various case study areas in PNG to emphasise concepts and activities required to implement EHIA.

1995 - 1999

Year RegionWHO Collaborative Description
1997Papua New Guinea

Environmental Health Impact Assessment - WHO / Papua New Guinea Department of Health


This project involved field visits to Mt Hagen, Madand and Lae and to additional sites identified by the local study teams from each study area. During and after site visits discussions were held with members of each of the study teams to clearly identify the nature and extent of the environmental health hazards and pollution problems at each site.


In discussion sessions held after the field visit program, technical aspects were reviewed, and a model describing the identification, evaluation and control of hazards was presented for the development of detailed action plans. Cases from the site visits were used to demonstrate the application of the model. The development of practical control options were discussed as important considerations in the implementation and management of control options. These options acknowledged technical and economic limitations, knowledge and skill requirements required of assessment personnel and regional political and legal constraints.


It was concluded that the local study teams should be able to formulate action plans which prioritise problems, evaluate the extent of problems and present practical control options for the management of environmental health hazards and pollution problems. These action plans would provide a basis for a national approach to these problem areas.

1996Manila, Philippines

Environmental Health Impact Assessment - WHO / Environmental Health Services (EHS)/ Department of Health and Regional Consultants


This project followed on from the workshop carried out in November 1995 involving the concept development of a national framework, guidelines and directional plan for EHIA (1996-2006) in the Philippines. In the intervening period between workshops, local consultants used this conceptual framework and directional plan to produce a draft National Framework and Directional Plan with the provision of some additional material specifically relevant to the Philippine situation.


This workshop comprised two sessions. The initial phase of this project was to contribute to the development of the National Framework and Directional Plan for EHIA in the Philippines. This involved collaboration with staff from the EHS, local consultants and representatives from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) to formulate an approach for the implementation of EHIA in the Philippines. Emphasis was placed on institutional requirements, data and information systems, human resource development and capacity building.


The second phase of this project involved the contribution of a workshop on EHIA conducted by EHS staff to staff from regional departments and industry in the Philippines. During this period comment was made on the draft EHIA manual. Aspects of EHIA were discussed helping formulate the generalised framework and guidelines. A final revision of the draft was prepared after discussion with local consultants and EHS staff.


The framework for EHIA in the Western Pacific Region discussed at this workshop provides a template offering clear direction for framework and operational modification, making implementation possible throughout the Region.

1995Manila, Philippines

Environmental Health Impact Assessment - WHO / Environmental Health Services (EHS)/ Department of Health and Regional Consultants


This programme was divided into two workshop sessions over a one month period. The initial part of the project provided support for a workshop on Environmental Health Impact Assessment (EHIA) in Davao City. Strategic discussions with key individuals within the Department of Health, Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources provided an appreciation of the principal issues and priorities for EHIA in the Philippines.


The second part of the programme involved the development of a national EHIA Framework and Guidelines and a National Directional Plan documents. Through a series of meetings with local consultants and staff from Environmental Health Services, these draft documents were refined and a plan was developed for local consultants to complete the development process in the following months. A workshop allowing wider comment on the plans was built into the development plan, providing a process for further refinement for formal adoption and implementation. (See 'Environmental Health Impact Assessment - WHO / Environmental Health Services (EHS)/ Department of Health and Regional Consultants' (above) for more detail.)


The proposal to develop the draft National Framework and Guidelines and the National Directional Plans for EHIA came at a critical time. Through the cooperation of the two key agencies in this area, it was expected that HIA would be incorporated into the Environmental Impact Assessment process. The National Directional Plan would cover the following ten years and provide for a systematic and phased development process using the Framework and Guidelines. The National Directional Plan was to outline objectives and actions needed to achieve the planned outcomes in the proposed time period including a number of recommendations to facilitate the process.

1995 Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Environmental Health Impact Assessment - WHO / PNG Department of Health (DOH) and the Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC)


Seventeen participants from the Department of Health, Department of Environment and Conservation, and regional and provincial health offices and industry attended this workshop. The program introduced the concepts, processes and techniques of EHIA and the current Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system and Health Impact Assessment (HIA) activities in Papua New Guinea. To help participants understand the process and techniques of EHIA, case study exercises were developed and field assessment visits were undertaken to highlight key EHIA concepts. The post-workshop discussion sessions indicated that participants gained a fundamental understanding of EHIA processes and were in general agreement that health sector involvement in EIA was essential to safeguard health and the environment from development activities.

1995Beijing China

Environmental Health Impact Assessment - WHO / National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA)


Eighteen participants representing the National Environmental Protection Agency, the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine and relevant Beijing municipal agencies, institutes and universities including Beijing Medical University and Tsinghua University, attended this programme. Participants were introduced to EHIA concepts, processes and techniques and familiarised with emergency preparedness and response involving industrial accidents.

Four group exercises were carried out to practice identifying and assessing potential environmental health impacts from fictitious development projects. To emphasise the training, a field visit to a fuel storage site was undertaken and critically assessed. Two local resource persons presented the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system and Health Impact Assessment (HIA) activities in China. The concluding discussion session demonstrated that participants had acquired an enhanced understanding of EHIA and the role the health sector has in EIA, particularly the crucial aspects of assessing and managing health risks and impacts resulting from development activities.

1900 - 1994

Year RegionWHO Collaborative Description
1993Manila and Tagatay City, Philippines

Environmental Risk Assessment - WHO / Environmental Management Bureau and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources


Twenty nine participants from regional industries, local governments and relevant national agencies and institutions attended this week-long structured workshop. Group participants were responsible for the risk assessment implementation and management within their organisational structure, and had relevant technical background to support a variety of approaches to problem solving.

The workshop provided three presentations introducing key concepts and procedures of risk assessment and control technology. Four problem-solving exercises based on regional case studies were presented, and a field visit to a plastic factory was incorporated into the workshop for which two case studies had been developed. The workshop concluded with a general discussion session on future direction and activities benefiting environmental risk assessment within the Philippines.

1993 Mauritius

Collaborative Education in Environmental Management - WHO / , International Labour Organisation and United Nations Environment Programme


A collaborative program involving WHO, ILO and UNEP staff was conducted in Mauritius. Participants, representing several African Universities and teaching institutions came with the aim to develop knowledge and skills in environmental and occupational health management. This program was presented using a variety of educational methodologies to provide participants with up to date implementation and education technologies.

1993 Ranau, Malaysia

Environmental Health Situational Analysis - WHO / Curtin University, University of Malaya and University of Hawaii


A project was carried out at the request of the Institute for Advanced Studies in Sabah and was designed to investigate adverse health effects which were considered to be associated with a copper mine in Ranua. Staff visited the mine in Ranau and observed the operation of the mine and the effect on the surrounding areas. The county and local government staff were consulted. A report was submitted to IAS.

1993 -1995 Diponegoro, Indonesia

WHO / University of Diponegoro / Department of Employment Education and Training, Australia


This program established research and educational links between Curtin University and Deponigoro University in toxicological testing methods particularly applied to aquatic toxicology.

1992Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Environmental Risk Assessment - WHO / Department of the Environment and the National Institute of Public Administration


This program was attended by 29 participants from various government agencies including local authorities. Regional case studies were used to enhance problem solving skills on a range of environmental health issues at the workshop. The central focus of the workshop was on environmental risk assessment and control technology covering key concepts of identification, evaluation and control of occupational and environmental health hazards. Participants were encouraged to work in groups, and presented results of their case studies at the conclusion.

1992Singapore

Chemical Waste Training and Workshop - WHO / UNDP / Singapore Ministry of Environment


Fifty seven participants from various Singapore government agencies, industries, academic institutions, and chemical industry associations attended this collaborative workshop. Six sessions were conducted over a period of five days addressing various management approaches to the safety and control of toxic chemicals and hazardous waste industry.


Topics discussed in the workshop included:


  • strategic policy and planning;

  • hazard identification and analysis;

  • safety reviews and audits;

  • warehousing of hazardous chemicals;

  • chemical information systems; and

  • emergency planning and incident handling.

Improved policy and planning recommendations were a major outcome resulting from group discussions amongst participants after attending the workshop.

1992Hanoi Vietnam

Hazardous Waste Training and Management Workshop - WHO / Department of Hygiene & Environment / National Institute of Occupational and Environmental Health


This program was attended by 54 participants representing Vietnam and government agencies, NGO industries, academic and other practitioners relevant to environmental health. Institutional visits to a waste disposal site provided on-site opportunities to exchange pertinent cross-sectional information among participants and program staff attending the workshop.


Topics and issues relevant to Vietnam's hazardous waste industry included:


  • waste identification and characterisation;

  • health and environmental effects;

  • methods of treatment and disposal including industry specific wastes;

  • legal and economic aspects;

  • strategic planning and infrastructure for the prevention and control of hazardous wastes;

  • administrative eg. issues relevant to maintaining industry standards; and

  • assessment and evaluation methodologies and techniques.

The workshop provided a collaborative environment for participants contributing respective knowledge and skills from their area of expertise. Attendee knowledgebase was enhanced providing an increased capacity for beneficial program outcomes to their respective departments and institutions.

1990Guangzhou, China

Hazardous Waste Management - WHO / National EPA / Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences


A comprehensive hazardous waste management workshop was conducted in Guangzhou in cooperation with the National Environmental Protection Agency and the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences. The workshop was attended by 43 participants representing China relevant to Environmental Health.


Highly informative instructional training provided by the consultants together with fieldwork conducted at a single waste disposal site enhanced the understanding, adding valuable knowledge and practical skill development for participants in this project, many of whom had selective background exposure to various waste management practices.


Topics covered were:


  • waste identification and characterisation;

  • health and environmental effects;

  • methods of treatment and disposal;

  • legal and economic aspects;

  • types of multimedia air, water, land pollution prevention through waste minimisation;

  • strategic planning and infrastructure approaches for hazardous waste management;

  • and assessment and evaluation methodologies and techniques.

Participants acknowledged enhanced knowledge benefits from the materials presented in this informative workshop, improving practice activities at their respective institutions and governmental branches.

1990 Geneva, Switzerland

WHO workshop on Occupational Hygiene Education and Training


The focus of the workshop was on occupational hygiene education and training on an International basis. The workshop resulted in WHO detailing recommended objectives and course content of educational programs specifically for occupational hygiene.

1998 - 1991 Beijing, China

Australia China Collaboration


This alliance established a collaborative research program between Curtin University, the Institute of Occupational Medicine, Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine in Beijing. Several research staff from the Institute visited Curtin for varying periods of time to work on occupational health projects particularly in relationship to research methodology. Visits were also made by Curtin staff to Beijing to work on a project investigating health effects which were expected to be linked to exposure to styrene in a plastics factory.